Constitution Award

1999 Honoree

Admiral William J. Crowe, Jr.
Senior Advisor, GlobalOptions

A native of Oklahoma, Admiral William J. Crowe, Jr. graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1946. His early naval career was in submarines and he served as the Assistant Naval Attache to President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1954-55. Later, as a Rear Admiral, he commanded U.S. Naval Forces in the Persian Gulf.

In 1980, Admiral Crowe was named the Commander in Chief of Allied Forces Southern Europe, the NATO command responsible for Italy, Turkey, and Greece, as well as the Mediterranean area. Subsequently, he commanded the U.S. Pacific Command before President Ronald Reagan named him the 11th Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1985.

After retirement from the military in 1989, Admiral Crowe was a Counselor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington and the University Professor of Geopolitics at The University of Oklahoma. His book, "The Line of Fire," was published by Simon and Schuster in 1993. He served on the Boards of Directors of Merrill Lynch, Texaco, General Dynamics, Norfolk & Southern, and Pfizer.

Currently, Admiral Crowe is Senior Advisor to Global Options, an international crisis management firm in Washington, D.C. Previously, he was the U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1994-1997), the Chairman of the President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board (1993-94), and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (1985-89). In 1998-1999, he chaired the State Department Accountability Review Boards for the embassy bombings in Dar es Salaam and Nairobi.

Admiral Crowe holds a master's degree in education from Stanford University and a Ph.D. in politics from Princeton University. He is the Shapiro Visiting Professor of International Affairs at George Washington University and serves as a trustee of Princeton University. He is married to the former Shirley Grennel and they have three children. They reside in Alexandria, Virginia.